CERT-In : Sensor for MSME networks for logs

If you are an MSME and are looking at complying to the CERT-In directives on logs, then, a sensor we’ve built for generating and storing logs of the entire network, might just be what you are looking for.

What do the CERT-In directives on logs state

All service providers, intermediaries, data centres, body corporate and
Government organisations shall mandatorily enable logs of all their ICT
systems and maintain them securely for a rolling period of 180 days and
the same shall be maintained within the Indian jurisdiction. These should
be provided to CERT-In along with reporting of any incident or when
ordered / directed by CERT-In.

Challenges faced in incident response environments (MSME) with no logs

The idea of building a sensor stemmed from our experiences of incident response in environments with zero security posture.

CERT-In sensor MSME logs

The same sensor can capture network packets and generate logs per the CERT-In directives.

At the btNOG-9 Conference on the 14th October 2022, I’ll be presenting Incident Response on a shoestring budget

In the presentation, I’ll share the challenges we faced in incident response environments with zero security posture, i.e. lacking logs, etc. The presentation will then focus on the solution – a sensor we built using open-source software such as Suricata and Zeek, logging DNS queries etc.

By deploying a sensor in the network, MSMEs can comply with the CERT-In directives and also facilitate incident responders to investigate security incidents.

Incident responders can leverage the rich logs by intercepting and ingesting packets into tools such as Zeek. If you are new to Zeek, check the blog post, Packets don’t lie – Threat Hunting with Zeek and the APNIC Academy page where a recording of the webinar will be available soon.

For a broader deep dive into why Network Security Monitoring is important in the context of incident response, check my presentation on Packets don’t lie – Network Security Monitoring (NSM) for the masses

Aside from the folks at BtCIRT, I am hoping there would be a bunch of other folks from a security background interested in incident response.

Packets don’t lie – Threat Hunting with Zeek

Earlier today, I presented a webinar on ‘Packets don’t lie – Threat Hunting with Zeek.

Thanks to the kind folks at APNIC for initiating the request and starting the email thread.

The gist of the presentation was about using Zeek to look for anomalies. Before jumping into Zeek, I introduced Network Security Monitoring. Spoke about conn.log and dns.log and used PCAPs from Stratosphere IPS Project to demonstrate threat hunting with Zeek.

Zeek logs are a great source in the context of threat hunting and Incident Response.

A total of 203 folks had registered for the webinar, and around 55-60 attended. That’s been my experience with online webinars and workshops – many folks will register, but a small fraction attend.

While one hour webinar is a brief period to talk about all-things-zeek, I hope the webinar gives a quick introduction to getting started.

But the most important thing was the interactive Q&A session at the end.

The webinar was recorded and should be available in a few days. I will update the blog post with a link to the recording and the slides.

Also, since I am on the topic of Zeek, ZeekWeek 2022 is an in-person event on October 12th – 14th in Austin, TX.

An excellent line-up of speakers, and the schedule is packed with goodness.

APNIC 52 – Threat Hunting using DNS

I presented on how we at my $dayjob do Threat Hunting using DNS at APNIC 52.

This is the same presentation I gave at SANOG 37, but luckily, I had the full quota of 20 minutes to complete the presentation without rushing into it.

Here is the video of the presentation,

Happy hunting!